Latest vote (12:07 p.m., Oct. 10): The Senate rejected S.J.Res. 63, repeal of a rule expanding short-term health insurance plans. Trump opposes the resolution.

Tracking Congress In The Age Of Trump

An updating tally of how often every member of the House and the Senate votes with or against the president.

Benjamin L. Cardin

D
Democratic senator for Maryland
Trump score
How often Cardin votes in line with Trump's position
Trump margin
Trump's share of the vote in the 2016 election in Maryland minus Clinton's
Predicted score
How often Cardin is expected to support Trump based on Trump's 2016 margin
Trump plus-minus
Difference between Cardin’s actual and predicted Trump-support scores
26.6%
-26.4 
21.4%
+5.2 
Trump score
How often Cardin votes in line with Trump's position
26.6%
Trump margin
Trump's share of the vote in the 2016 election in Maryland minus Clinton's
-26.4 
Predicted score
How often Cardin is expected to support Trump based on Trump's 2016 margin
21.4%
Trump plus-minus
Difference between Cardin’s actual and predicted Trump-support scores
+5.2 
DateMeasureTrump PositionCardin VoteAgree with Trump?Likelihood of agreementPlus-minus
Oct. 10 Repeal of a rule expanding short-term health insurance plans (50-50)
Trump Position
oppose
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.5%
Plus-minus
-2.5
Oct. 6 Nomination of Brett M. Kavanaugh to be associate justice of the Supreme Court (50-48)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
1.7%
Plus-minus
-1.7
Sept. 17 Broad legislation to address the opioid crisis (99-1)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
99.8%
Plus-minus
+0.2
July 23 Nomination of Robert L. Wilkie to be secretary of veterans affairs (86-9)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
53.5%
Plus-minus
+46.5
July 11 Nonbinding motion calling for congressional approval of national security tariffs (88-11)
Trump Position
oppose
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
0.3%
Plus-minus
-0.3
June 20 Rescinding previously approved but unspent funding (48-50)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.1%
Plus-minus
-2.1
May 23 Expanding private care options for veterans (92-5)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
91.3%
Plus-minus
+8.7
May 17 Nomination of Gina Haspel to be director of the CIA (54-45)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
1.8%
Plus-minus
-1.8
May 16 Reinstating net neutrality rules (52-47)
Trump Position
oppose
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.4%
Plus-minus
-2.4
April 26 Nomination of Mike Pompeo to be secretary of state (57-42)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
0.1%
Plus-minus
-0.1
April 18 Repeal of guidance meant to protect borrowers from discriminatory markups on auto loans (51-47)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
1.5%
Plus-minus
-1.5
March 23 The 2018 fiscal year appropriations bill (65-32)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
75.0%
Plus-minus
+25.0
March 14 Rolling back some bank regulations put in place by the Dodd-Frank Act (67-31)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
0.5%
Plus-minus
-0.5
Feb. 15 White House immigration proposal (39-60)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
4.7%
Plus-minus
-4.7
Feb. 15 Bipartisan immigration proposal (54-45)
Trump Position
oppose
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
6.0%
Plus-minus
-6.0
Feb. 9 Two-year budget bill (71-28)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
65.1%
Plus-minus
+34.9
Feb. 8 Department of Defense Appropriations Act (55-44)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
1.3%
Plus-minus
-1.3
Jan. 29 Banning abortions after 20 weeks of pregnancy (51-46)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
1.5%
Plus-minus
-1.5
Jan. 24 Nomination of Alex Azar to be secretary of health and human services (55-43)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.1%
Plus-minus
-2.1
Jan. 22 Extension of government funding for three weeks, ending the shutdown (81-18)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
48.2%
Plus-minus
+51.8
Jan. 19 Extension of government funding for four weeks (50-49)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
0.9%
Plus-minus
-0.9
Jan. 18 Reauthorizing warrantless spying program as part of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (65-34)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
20.3%
Plus-minus
-20.3
Dec. 21, 2017 Extension of government funding for four weeks (66-32)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
10.3%
Plus-minus
-10.3
Dec. 20, 2017 Overhauling the tax code (final version) (51-48)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.4%
Plus-minus
-2.4
Dec. 7, 2017 Extension of government funding for two weeks (81-14)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
69.6%
Plus-minus
+30.4
Dec. 5, 2017 Nomination of Kirstjen Nielsen to be secretary of homeland security (62-37)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
0.7%
Plus-minus
-0.7
Dec. 2, 2017 Overhauling the tax code (Senate version) (51-49)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
3.0%
Plus-minus
-3.0
Oct. 25, 2017 Repeal of a rule banning some financial companies from using mandatory arbitration clauses (51-50)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.8%
Plus-minus
-2.8
Oct. 24, 2017 Disaster relief for Puerto Rico and other areas (82-17)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
99.6%
Plus-minus
+0.4
Oct. 19, 2017 Fiscal year 2018 budget resolution (51-49)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
3.2%
Plus-minus
-3.2
Sept. 7, 2017 Raising debt limit/extending government funding/Hurricane Harvey relief (80-17)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
97.3%
Plus-minus
+2.7
Aug. 1, 2017 Nomination of Christopher A. Wray to be director of the FBI (92-5)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
76.9%
Plus-minus
+23.1
July 28, 2017 Senate "skinny repeal" health care bill (49-51)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
1.7%
Plus-minus
-1.7
July 27, 2017 Imposing sanctions on Russia, Iran and North Korea (98-2)
Trump Position
oppose
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.6%
Plus-minus
-2.6
July 26, 2017 Repealing major parts of the Affordable Care Act, with a transition period for replacement (45-55)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.4%
Plus-minus
-2.4
July 25, 2017 The American Health Care Act of 2017 (Senate motion to proceed) (51-50)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.0%
Plus-minus
-2.0
June 14, 2017 Imposing sanctions on Russia (97-2)
Trump Position
oppose
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
0.1%
Plus-minus
-0.1
June 13, 2017 Opposing the sale of some arms to Saudi Arabia (47-53)
Trump Position
oppose
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.1%
Plus-minus
-2.1
May 11, 2017 Nomination of Robert Lighthizer to be United States trade representative (82-14)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
52.8%
Plus-minus
+47.2
May 10, 2017 Repeal of a rule requiring energy companies to reduce waste and emissions (49-51)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
1.7%
Plus-minus
-1.7
May 4, 2017 The 2017 fiscal year appropriations bill (79-18)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
96.4%
Plus-minus
+3.6
May 3, 2017 Repeal of a rule that allowed a new type of state-based retirement plan (50-49)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
3.3%
Plus-minus
-3.3
April 27, 2017 Nomination of R. Alexander Acosta to be secretary of labor (60-38)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
0.6%
Plus-minus
-0.6
April 24, 2017 Nomination of Sonny Perdue to be secretary of agriculture (87-11)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
50.2%
Plus-minus
+49.8
April 7, 2017 Nomination of Neil Gorsuch to be associate justice of the Supreme Court (54-45)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
0.1%
Plus-minus
-0.1
April 6, 2017 Whether to keep the Senate cloture requirement for Supreme Court nominees at 60 votes (48-52)
Trump Position
oppose
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.6%
Plus-minus
-2.6
March 30, 2017 Repeal of a rule requiring state and local governments to distribute federal funds to qualified health centers even if they perform abortions (51-50)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.0%
Plus-minus
-2.0
March 30, 2017 Repeal of a rule that allowed a new type of retirement plan established by local governments (50-49)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.9%
Plus-minus
-2.9
March 23, 2017 Repeal of an FCC rule barring internet providers from sharing data on customers' activities (50-48)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.5%
Plus-minus
-2.5
March 22, 2017 Repeal of a Department of Labor rule regarding records of work-related injuries and illnesses (50-48)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.5%
Plus-minus
-2.5
March 15, 2017 Nomination of Daniel Coats to be director of national intelligence (85-12)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
63.4%
Plus-minus
+36.6
March 14, 2017 Repeal of a Department of Labor rule on drug testing of applicants for unemployment compensation (51-48)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.4%
Plus-minus
-2.4
March 9, 2017 Repeal of a Department of Education rule on school accountability (50-49)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.2%
Plus-minus
-2.2
March 8, 2017 Repeal of a Department of Education rule on teacher preparation programs (59-40)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
0.0%
Plus-minus
0.0
March 7, 2017 Repeal of changes to Bureau of Land Management planning rules (51-48)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.4%
Plus-minus
-2.4
March 6, 2017 Repeal of a rule requiring some federal contractors to report labor violations (49-48)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.2%
Plus-minus
-2.2
March 2, 2017 Nomination of Rick Perry to be secretary of energy (62-37)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
0.2%
Plus-minus
-0.2
March 2, 2017 Nomination of Ben Carson to be secretary of housing and urban development (58-41)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
0.1%
Plus-minus
-0.1
March 1, 2017 Nomination of Ryan Zinke to be secretary of the interior (68-31)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
1.4%
Plus-minus
-1.4
Feb. 28, 2017 Nomination of Wilbur L. Ross Jr. to be secretary of commerce (72-27)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
20.3%
Plus-minus
-20.3
Feb. 17, 2017 Nomination of Scott Pruitt to be administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (52-46)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
0.1%
Plus-minus
-0.1
Feb. 16, 2017 Nomination of Mick Mulvaney to be director of the Office of Management and Budget (51-49)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.2%
Plus-minus
-2.2
Feb. 15, 2017 Repeal of a rule requiring the Social Security Administration to submit information to the national background-check system (57-43)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
0.0%
Plus-minus
0.0
Feb. 14, 2017 Nomination of Linda E. McMahon to be administrator of the Small Business Administration (81-19)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
30.1%
Plus-minus
+69.9
Feb. 13, 2017 Nomination of David J. Shulkin to be secretary of veterans affairs (100-0)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
100.0%
Plus-minus
0.0
Feb. 13, 2017 Nomination of Steven T. Mnuchin to be secretary of the treasury (53-47)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
1.1%
Plus-minus
-1.1
Feb. 10, 2017 Nomination of Tom Price to be secretary of health and human services (52-47)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.4%
Plus-minus
-2.4
Feb. 8, 2017 Nomination of Jeff Sessions to be attorney general (52-47)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
1.1%
Plus-minus
-1.1
Feb. 7, 2017 Nomination of Betsy DeVos to be secretary of education (51-50)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.0%
Plus-minus
-2.0
Feb. 3, 2017 Repeal of a rule requiring energy companies to disclose payments to foreign governments (52-47)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
2.6%
Plus-minus
-2.6
Feb. 2, 2017 Repeal of the stream protection rule (54-45)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
0.0%
Plus-minus
0.0
Feb. 1, 2017 Nomination of Rex W. Tillerson to be secretary of state (56-43)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
0.7%
Plus-minus
-0.7
Jan. 31, 2017 Nomination of Elaine L. Chao to be secretary of transportation (93-6)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
71.0%
Plus-minus
+29.0
Jan. 24, 2017 Nomination of Nikki R. Haley to be ambassador to the United Nations (96-4)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
86.1%
Plus-minus
+13.9
Jan. 23, 2017 Nomination of Mike Pompeo to be director of the CIA (66-32)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
17.2%
Plus-minus
-17.2
Jan. 20, 2017 Nomination of John F. Kelly to be secretary of homeland security (88-11)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
59.1%
Plus-minus
+40.9
Jan. 20, 2017 Nomination of James Mattis to be secretary of defense (98-1)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
94.6%
Plus-minus
+5.4
Jan. 12, 2017 Waiver allowing James Mattis to become secretary of defense (81-17)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
Yes
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
43.8%
Plus-minus
+56.2
Jan. 12, 2017 Budget resolution to repeal the Affordable Care Act (51-48)
Trump Position
support
Cardin Vote
No
Agree with Trump?
Likelihood of agreement
3.3%
Plus-minus
-3.3
Average
26.6%
21.4%
+5.2

Members’ “likelihood of agreement” scores on each vote are calculated using a regression for which the input is Trump's 2016 vote margin in every member's state or district and the output is the probability that a member will vote for the bill. The plus-minus on each vote is the difference between the member's vote (100 percent for a “yes,” 0 percent for a “no”) and the likelihood of agreement. Averages do not include missed votes. How this works »

Comments