UPDATED Jan. 26, 2020, at 9:16 AM

Do Americans Support Removing Trump From Office?

On the evening of Dec. 18, the House of Representatives took the historic step of impeaching President Trump for abuse of power and obstruction of Congress, kicking off a new chapter in the impeachment saga: a Senate trial. For those of us who monitor public opinion, that means the main question has now shifted from “Do Americans support impeaching Trump?” to “Do Americans support removing Trump from office?”

Do Americans support removing Trump from office?

An updating calculation of support for removal, overall and by party, accounting for each poll's quality, recency and sample size, since Oct. 1, 2019

We are collecting all the polls we can find that ask respondents some version of a yes-or-no question about whether they support removing Trump from office, though some polls also give respondents a “don’t know” or “no opinion” option. If the same poll asks more than one removal question (using different wording), we include both questions, but the results of those questions are averaged together, then input into the model, so the poll is not double counted.

To better understand where Americans stand (both overall and by party), we at FiveThirtyEight are now separately tracking polls that focus on removing Trump from office. This includes questions we haven’t been tracking before, like those that ask about removal but not impeachment, or those that mention impeachment only as a precondition for removal, without asking respondents their opinion of the impeachment itself.

Polls asking about the House impeachment process aren’t included above but are included in the chart below (the same one we’ve been maintaining since Oct. 2, shortly after House Speaker Nancy Pelosi announced the impeachment inquiry). The tracker below will continue to update with any future polls that focus mainly on impeachment or focus equally on impeachment and removal. We’ve chosen to keep those polls in the impeachment tracker below, where we’ve always counted them, as we don’t anticipate too many more of these questions being asked now that Trump has been impeached.

In short, the chart at the top of this page will track support for removal on its own. The chart below will track support for the impeachment process more holistically.

Do Americans support impeaching Trump?

An updating calculation of support for and opposition to impeachment, accounting for each poll's quality, recency and sample size, since Mar. 1, 2019

Examples: “Would you like to see Congress begin the process to impeach President Donald Trump, or not?” and “Do you approve of Congress starting the impeachment process?”

Examples: “Should President Trump be impeached and removed from office?” and “Do you approve of Congress impeaching President Trump?”

We are collecting all the polls we can find that ask respondents some version of a yes-or-no question about whether they support impeaching Trump, though some polls also give respondents a “don’t know” or “no opinion” option. If the same poll asks more than one impeachment question (using different wording), we include both questions, but the results of those questions are averaged together, then input into the model, so the poll is not double counted.

The buttons below the impeachment tracker allow you to toggle between three separate views: First, the default view is an average of all polls asking about the impeachment process. The other two views filter the polls to show you a subset of all impeachment polls. The middle button shows an average of polls that ask whether respondents support Congress beginning an impeachment inquiry or whether they approve of the impeachment process. (This includes questions that were asked before the inquiry was announced, like, “Would you like to see Congress begin the process to impeach President Donald Trump, or not?” It also includes questions that were asked after the investigation began, like, “Do you approve or disapprove of the House of Representatives’ impeachment inquiry into President Trump?”) The final button shows an average of polls that ask whether respondents think Trump should be “impeached” or “impeached and removed”; now that impeachment is a reality, this view will also include questions about whether respondents approve of the House’s impeachment vote.

In addition to tracking the polling averages for and against impeachment among all Americans, we are also keeping tabs on how opinion breaks down by party. As you can see below, Democrats are strongly in favor of impeachment, Republicans are strongly opposed, and independents hover somewhere in between.

Support for impeachment by party

An updating calculation of support for impeachment by party, accounting for each poll's quality, recency and sample size, since Mar. 1, 2019

And if you’re interested in the individual polls we’re collecting, you can find them listed below. Polls labeled “remove” are included in the topmost chart, the one exclusively tracking removal, and polls labeled “begin” or “impeach” are included in the lower charts focused on the impeachment process.

The polls we’re including

We are collecting all the polls we can find that ask respondents some version of a yes-or-no question about whether they support impeaching Trump or removing him from office

begin
Polls asking if impeachment process should begin
impeach
Polls asking if Congress should impeach/impeach and remove Trump
remove
Polls asking if Congress should remove Trump