UPDATED Jun. 28, 2022, at 5:03 PM

What Redistricting Looks Like In Every State

An updating tracker of proposed congressional maps — and whether they might benefit Democrats or Republicans in the 2022 midterms and beyond. How this works »

The partisan breakdown of Florida’s new map
Status:In litigation
partisan lean of districts:
Old map
27 districts
majority
This map
28 districts+1
There are 8 Democratic-leaning seats, 18 Republican-leaning seats and 2 highly competitive seats in Florida’s new map.Change from old map: +4 Republican-leaning seats, -3 highly competitive seats.

Map source: Gov. Ron DeSantis

The competitiveness and fairness of Florida's maps
Median seat
Difference between the partisan lean of the state’s median district and the state as a whole.
Old mapR+5.9
New mapR+6.0
Efficiency gap
Difference between each party’s share of “wasted votes” — those that don’t contribute to a candidate winning.
Old mapR+5.4
New mapR+20.2
Competitiveness
The number of districts in the state whose partisan leans are between R+5 and D+5.
Old map5/27
New map2/28
The demographic and partisan breakdown of Florida’s new map
White
Black
Hispanic
Asian
Other
DistrictIncumbentPartisan leanRacial makeup
1st
Matt GaetzR
R+38
2nd
Neal DunnR
Al LawsonD
R+16
3rd
Kat CammackR
R+18
4th
OPEN
R+15
5th
John RutherfordR
R+23
6th
Michael WaltzR
R+28
7th
Stephanie MurphyD
R+14
8th
Bill PoseyR
R+23
9th
Darren SotoD
D+16
10th
Val DemingsD
D+29
11th
Daniel WebsterR
R+19
12th
Gus M. BilirakisR
R+34
13th
Charlie CristD
R+12
14th
Kathy CastorD
D+14
15th
OPEN
R+7
16th
Vern BuchananR
R+13
17th
Greg SteubeR
R+22
18th
C. Scott FranklinR
R+29
19th
Byron DonaldsR
R+26
20th
Sheila Cherfilus-McCormickD
D+49
21st
Brian MastR
R+14
22nd
Lois FrankelD
D+14
23rd
Ted DeutchD
D+9
24th
Frederica WilsonD
D+51
25th
Debbie Wasserman SchultzD
D+18
26th
Mario Diaz-BalartR
R+14
27th
María Elvira SalazarR
D+1
28th
Carlos A. GimenezR
R+4

The racial makeup of each district is of the voting-age population.

The latest in Florida

June 2, 2022

On June 2, the Florida Supreme Court announced it would not fast-track a challenge to Gov. Ron DeSantis’s new congressional map, likely ensuring that the map will be used in the 2022 midterm elections.

Democrats are suing over the map’s pro-Republican bias and dilution of Black voting power. The map has an efficiency gap of R+20 and would create four new Republican-leaning seats at the expense of three highly competitive ones. The new lines make it very likely that Republicans will flip the Democratic-held 5th, 7th and 13th districts as well as gain a new member in the 15th District, which was added to the state’s tally by the 2020 census.

The elimination of the 5th District was particularly controversial, given that it was specifically created to enhance the representation of Black voters in North Florida. A state judge even briefly replaced the DeSantis map with one that restored the predominantly Black 5th District, finding its elimination “unconstitutional because it diminishes African Americans’ ability to elect candidates of their choice.” However, Florida’s 1st District Court of Appeal overruled the decision to impose a new map (while leaving the broader questions of its constitutionality unanswered for now).

The map was first enacted in April after a drawn-out standoff between DeSantis and Republicans in the legislature. At first, legislators proposed and passed new congressional maps that had only mild Republican biases and would preserve a predominantly Black 5th District, which they argued was required by the Florida Constitution. But DeSantis insisted on a map that maximized the number of Republican seats and eliminated the predominantly Black 5th, which he said violated the 14th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.

The legislature passed a compromise between its and DeSantis’s positions, but DeSantis stood firm and vetoed it. Eventually, the legislature acceded to DeSantis’s demands and passed his proposed map in a special session. The vote came amid a sit-in from Democratic legislators who were protesting the map’s treatment of Black voters and argued that DeSantis had overstepped his authority by proposing his own map.

Latest updates
Icon of the Florida state boundaries
May 13
Florida's Secretary of State appealed a state court ruling that invalidated several of the state's new congressional districts. The appeal automatically results in a stay of the lower court opinion until the First District Court of Appeals hears the case.
Icon of the Florida state boundaries
May 11
A state judge in Florida invalidated part of the state's new congressional map as a violation of the federal Voting Rights Act. Judge Smith held that by eliminating a majority-Black district, the new map diminishes Black voting power in Northern Florida.
Icon of the Florida state boundaries
April 25
Civil rights groups filed a lawsuit in state court challenging the state's new congressional map. Plaintiffs argue that the new districts violate the state's constitution—namely the Fair Districts Amendment—because the map favors Republicans by a more than two-to-one margin, and because the map dilutes the power of racial minority voters.

Our latest coverage

Who controls redistricting in Florida right now?
Republicans fully control the congressional redistricting process. New maps are drawn and passed by the Republican state legislature and signed into law by the Republican governor.