UPDATED Sep. 28, 2021, at 5:58 PM

What Redistricting Looks Like In Every State

An updating tracker of proposed congressional maps — and whether they might benefit Democrats or Republicans in the 2022 midterms and beyond.

Who controls redistricting in New York in 2021?
Democrats fully control the congressional redistricting process. New maps are drawn by a bipartisan commission made up of citizens, but the Democratic state legislature can modify or reject the commission's proposals. The final map must be passed by two-thirds of each chamber and signed into law by the Democratic governor.
  • Sept. 15, 2021
    Deadline for commission to propose draft of congressional map
  • Jan. 15, 2022
    Deadline for commission to submit congressional map to legislature
  • Feb. 28, 2022
    Deadline for commission to submit new map to legislature if initial map is rejected
  • April 4, 2022
    Date that candidates begin filing for congressional runs (therefore map should be set by this date)
partisan lean of districts:
Old map
27 districts
New map
26 districts-1

The latest in New York

Sept. 15, 2021

New York’s bipartisan redistricting commission released two draft maps on Sept. 15, neither of which are likely to be passed into law. The two maps don’t depart dramatically from the current partisan makeup of the state’s House delegation, which comprises 19 Democrats and eight Republicans. New York is losing a congressional district this cycle, and one of the maps would likely subtract that seat from the Republican column. In the other, Democrats would likely lose the seat, while another existing seat would flip to Republicans.

If these maps were at all likely to be implemented, there would be much more to say about how they draw some incumbents into the same district and what it all means for the prospects of either party winning the House in 2022. But in reality, these maps are dead on arrival. New York’s redistricting laws give the state legislature the ability to sidestep the commission map by passing a different map with a two-thirds vote (a referendum being put to voters this November would lower that threshold to a simple majority). And given their legislative supermajorities, it’s likely that Democrats in the state will ignore the commission and draw their own gerrymander, unless the commission’s maps are pretty beneficial to Democrats — and these are not.

Given that we generally expect Republicans in the Sun Belt to pick up House seats through gerrymandering, and Democratic-controlled states like California, Virginia and Colorado have independent commissions that can’t be overridden, Democratic gerrymandering in New York is one of the party’s only avenues for picking up seats through the redistricting process. Since New York Democrats are plenty aware of this fact, the final map they enact may be closer to a 23-3 Democratic advantage.

Latest changes 🤖

Our latest coverage

The competitiveness and fairness of New York's maps
Median seat
Difference between the partisan lean of the state’s median district and the state as a whole.
Old mapR+2.6
"Names" draft planR+4.5
"Letters" draft planR+4.7
New map
Efficiency gap
Difference between each party’s share of “wasted votes” — those that don’t contribute to a candidate winning.
"Letters" draft planD+0.8
Old mapR+1.3
"Names" draft planR+10.5
New map
The number of districts in the state whose partisan leans are between R+5 and D+5.
Old map3/27
"Letters" draft plan3/26
"Names" draft plan3/26
New map